The concept of sustainable development was developed by United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development report "Our Common Future" (1987), and is widespread used since United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, 1992. Sustainable development is one "which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".
Sustainable development is characterised by three interrelated dimensions: environmental, economic and social. It means, that strait requirements of environmental protection and high economic indicators are not in conflict with each other, that economic development is interdicted to degrade the environment and it ensures high quality of life at a time.
The resulting documents of UNCED are Agenda 21, the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Statement of Forest Principles and the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. During the Special Session of the UN General Assembly to review and appraise the implementation of the Rio Declaration in New York, 1997, the Assembly set the duty for states to develop national strategies of sustainable development until 2002.
In September 2002, ten years after the 1992 UNCED in Rio, the UN World Summit on Sustainable Development will take place in Johannesburg, the Republic of South Africa. Latvia has begun the preparation for this event and the Council of Sustainable Development was formed in December 2001.
The UN Summit on Sustainable Development, which took place in Johannesburg from August 26 till September 4 2002, has been closed. Political declaration, plan of implementation and other documents of the Summit are available at http://www.johannesburgsummit.org
The National Rio +10 report has been prepared.
Latvian Sustainable Development Strategy has been prepared and approved by the Cabinet of Ministers on August 13, 2002.