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Funds and InvestmentsThe European Economic Area and the Norwegian Financial MechanismsEuropean Economic Area Financial Mechanism programme “National Climate Policy"
 
 
 
Project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, and Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation” in framework of 2009-2014 European Economic Area grants programme “National Climate Policy”

In the framework of the Project organized 4 experience exchange seminars


In order to elaborate the Latvia’s National Adaptation Strategy and to ensure cross-sectoral and interinstitutional cooperation 4 experience exchange seminars for ministerial, scientific institutions, NGO’s and etc. experts were carried out in Riga throughout the year 2016:

 

• On 19-20 May was carried out expert seminar on Climate change scenarios for Latvia. Aim of the Seminar was to exchange knowledge and experience on climate change scenarios data preparation and modelling, analysis and interpretation. The project promoter MoEPRD and its partners from Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre took part in the seminar, along with participants from several ministries such Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Economics and institutions such State fire and rescue service, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”. Participants included also guest speakers from Norwegian Centre for Climate Services, Norwegian Meteorological institute and Finnish Meteorological institute. During two days of the seminar, experts addressed and had a fruitful discussion on 2 main topics: 1. Current climate change – expert experience of Latvia, Norway and Finland, 2. Future climate change and scenarios – expert experience of Norway and Finland. 

Photo: E. Forland (Norwegian Meteorological institute) presents the Norwegian experience of current climate change assessment

Photo: Participants of the Seminar take part in discussion about current climate change analyses and interpretation
 

Agenda and presentations from the seminar are available here. 

 

• On 23rd May was carried out expert seminar on Development of monitoring system for adaptation. Main goal of the seminar was to share with knowledge and experience on development and management of monitoring system for adaptation in United Kingdom, Estonia, Norway and Finland. The participants of the seminar represented several ministries and institutions – Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Economics, Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, State fire and rescue service, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”. Participants included also the project partner from Norway – Norwegian Directorate for Civil protection, as well a guest speakers from United Kingdom Committee on Climate Change, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Norwegian Environment Agency and Estonian Environmental Research Centre.
 

Photo: D.Thompson (United Kingdom Committee on Climate Change) presents the British experience on development and management of monitoring system for adaptation


Photo: H.Tuomenvirta (Finnish Meteorological Institute) presents the Finnish experience on development of monitoring system for adaptation 

Agenda and presentations from the seminar are available here.

 

• On 1st July was carried out expert seminar on Methodological approaches to risk and vulnerability assessment for adaptation to climate change. The seminar hosted a number of participants from various Latvian institutions (ministries, scientific institutions, NGO’s, organizations). The seminar guest speakers from Latvia – representatives from State fire and rescue service, University of Latvia, Jelgava City Municipality, Public Limited Company “Sadales tīkls”, “Latvenergo” – shared their experience and examples on climate change risk management in sectors. Participants included also guest speakers from Norway – Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research and Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection – who shared their experience on the topic from Norway’s point of view. Broad discussions on climate risk management took place during the seminar, including discussions on the identified climate change risks in main sectors of Latvia.

Agenda and presentations from the seminar are available here.

 

• On 15th September was carried out expert seminar on Identification and cost-benefit analysis of adaptation measures. Main goal of the seminar was to present and discuss identified and assessed climate change adaptation measures and indicators in 4 sectors: agriculture and forestry, landscape planning and tourism, biodiversity and ecosystem services, health and wellbeing. The project promoter MoEPRD and its partners from Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre took part in the seminar, along with participants from various Latvian institutions (ministries, scientific institutions, NGO’s, organizations). Participants included also guest speakers from Norway – Institute of Transport Economics and University Centre in Svalbard.
 

Photo: N. R. Sælthun (University Centre in Svalbard) presents the Norwegian experience of assessing adaptation measures

Photo: J. Gūža (Ltd. Baltkonsults) presents identified and assessed climate change adaptation measures and indicators in landscape planning and tourism sector

Agenda and presentations from the seminar are available here.

The seminars were organized in the frameworks of the Project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, and Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation”.


Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre develops future climate change scenarios for Latvia

As part of the ‘Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation’ project (hereafter called ‘Project’) within the ‘National Climate Policy’ (2009-2014) programme of the European Economic Union’s financial instrument, Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (hereafter called ‘LEGMC’) performs detailed analysis of historical weather data as well as develops future climate change scenarios for Latvia.
Climate is one of the determinative environment-influencing factors that affects all economic sectors. It is important to not only consider current climate change tendencies, but also model them and their dynamics in the future by using scientifically based methodology. During the project, LEGMC analysed change dynamics of chosen climate parameters (air temperature, precipitation, wind speed) within two future climate change scenarios that would correspond to the projected values of either average or high amounts of greenhouse gas emissions.



 
From the forecasts of future climate change scenarios it can be seen that for the RCP 4.5 scenario, annual average air temperature in Latvia will be higher by 3-4°C (or by 5-6°C for the RCP 8.5 scenario) than the annual average value for 1961-1990 (Figure 1). The two scenarios also project rise in both minimum and maximum air temperatures.
Both climate change scenarios also predict a rise in total amount of precipitation throughout Latvia. Until the end of the century, RCP 4.5 projects an increase in total annual precipitation of around 13%, while RCP 8.5 – around 16% increase when compared to the total annual precipitation values from 1961-1990. After looking at the forecasted variability in total amount of precipitation seasonally and spatially for moderate climate conditions, the most significant change in total amount of precipitation is expected during winter (34-37% increase) and spring (12-25% increase) seasons. Spatially, the most substantial increase is projected in the central parts of Vidzeme and Kurzeme (Figure 2).


 
To describe the climate change dynamics and better identify potential risks and consequences to economic sectors because of them, LEGMC will model future changes in various climate indicators and indices. Changes in these indicators and indices will aid in prognosticating the frequency of extreme weather events, their intensity and spatial distribution. They are also essential in planning and managing adaptation procedures in economic sectors affected by climate change.


Experience exchange event on climate change related risks management – Norwegian experience

29.04.2016.

On 16th and 17th of February 2016, within the EEA Grants programme “National Climate Policy” was organized experience exchange event in Oslo, Norway. Event was organized by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia (MoEPRD) in cooperation with Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection (DSB).

At the beginning of 2014 MoEPRD has started work on development of national climate change adaptation strategy. Adaptation strategy is elaborated in the framework of project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, and Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation”. Adaptation focuses on climate change risks (heavy rainfalls, cold and heat waves, rising sea level, etc.) reduction and potential benefits (a longer growing season, reduced consumption of thermal energy, etc.) use. The creating of adaptation policy is necessary to ensure a systematic climate change risk-benefit assessment and management. For the first time this kind of adaptation policy document is being developed in Latvia. Therefore, it is important of gaining knowledge and taking over the experience of other countries in the development of such a document.

The aim of event was to share knowledge and exchange of views between Latvian and Norwegian experts on climate change risks management and practical solutions for reducing them. The seminar was attended by 5 members from Latvia, representing MoEPRD and State Ltd. “Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre” and 9 participants from Norway, who was represented by the DSB, the Norwegian Environment Agency, Oslo municipality, the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, the Norwegian insurers.



Photo: J. Šīre (LEGMC) gives overview about experience on flood risk modeling (© I. Bruņeniece)

During the event Norwegian experts shared their experience and knowledge on adaptation policies and measures system in specific and important areas such as construction, transport, infrastructure and water resource management (relating to the floods and precipitation). Was mentioned examples of risks and vulnerabilities in the scientific and practical aspects of the national and local levels and linked it to research, information and solutions. Experience exchange between Latvian and Norwegian specialists led to productive discussions and established contacts for future cooperation.
Event was financed from EEA Grants Fund for Bilateral Relations.

The agenda of experience exchange event are available here.

The presentations of experience exchange event are available here.


 

 

LVGMC will create flood information system and early flood warning system for Lielupe, Venta and Gauja

19.02.2016.

When show and ice is melting, in the territory of Latvia, floods occur every spring. This time is associated with the highest water volume in rivers and flooding of floodplains. For Latvian river catchments spring flood period mostly occur during March and April. Flash floods are mostly influenced by intense and long lasting rainfall, storms, dam breach etc. During spring flood period, local ice blockades can occur, if ice cover develops in winter. The ice blockades in rivers often creates local rapid increase in water level, flooding vast areas in catchments that includes populated areas and infrastructure objects. In recent years especially mayor and devastating floods occurred during spring season in the years 2010 and 2013 (Fig. 1.).


Fig. 1. Floods in Lielupe catchment on 14th of April in year 2013

Possibility of devastating flood recurrence, influenced to start a project in the year 2015 to mitigate negative effect of flood situations. Project was started under the title “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation”. To create flood information system and early flood warning system for Lielupe, Venta, Gauja and Salaca river catchments, is one of the goals of this project.
In collaboration with the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) there is undergoing work to create hydrological forecast system for the mentioned river catchments called - Water Simulation and Forecast System (WSFS). At this period, using historical observation data, WSFS has been calibrated for Latvian conditions. Actual hydrological and meteorological observations, as well as weather forecasts every day are automatically renewed in WSFS. Results produced by WSFS allow hydrologists more precisely to identify changes in hydrological conditions of Latvian river catchments (Fig. 2).
WSFS in the future will provide variety of options to forecast development of the hydrological situation in a flood period. For rescue services this will allows to plan flood damage control more rationally. Flood early warning system allows to provide forehanded information about changes in hydrological conditions, including information on possible flooding of certain areas of river catchment.
The result of completing flood forecasting system will allow municipalities and State firefight and rescue service to define in state level critical flood levels in territories imperiled by flood. This system will improve response time for rescue services in situations of particular danger and efficiency to plan preventive actions in flood situations. Likewise flood warning system will allow to provide hydrological forecasts to society and publicly available comprehensive information about possible flood risks.

 

Fig. 2. Water level three month long-term forecast for station Lielupe – Mežotne


Climate change in Latvia

19.02.2016.

As a part of the project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation” Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (LEGMC) is performing an analysis of long term climate data as well as developing climate change scenarios for Latvia.
Climate or the average weather over a long period of time is of a great importance to various economics, which are dependent from specific climate conditions. It is important to make an assessment of various meteorological parameter long-term trends in Latvia, as the global climate change is undeniable also in Europe. Therefore LEGMC is performing an in-depth analysis of 3 meteorological parameters (air temperature, precipitation, wind direction and speed) trends during the last 50 years. The results show increasing trends in air temperature data, with the highest increase in winter and spring months. The length of the growing season shows a positive trend during the last 50 years as well (figure 1).

 

Fig. 1.  The length of growing season (days) in Latvia (1961- 2010)

The results indicate also a significant change in precipitation. The amount of precipitation has increased and more often heavy (figure 2) and very heavy precipitation are observed.

 

Fig. 2. Number of days in a year with heavy (≥10 mm) precipitation (1961- 2010)

In-depth analysis of climate records is significant in order to be aware of the climate change and to be able to adapt to the changes in future. In the further development of the project it is planned to model the climate change scenarios for Latvia till the year 2100. The research will be based on the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Report (AR5) adopted greenhouse gas concentration scenarios.
The results will allow to evaluate the current climate change in context with future changes. The research and its results will serve as a support tool, when assessment and development of climate change adaption strategy in various economics is will be needed.


Development of the Maritime Spatial Plan on final stage

28.01.2016.

From December of 2015 till January of 2016 was implemented public hearing process of the 1st draft of Maritime Spatial Plan (MSP) and 1st version of Environmental report.

The Maritime Spatial Plan for the territorial sea and Exclusive Economic Zone of the Republic of Latvia is a national level long-term (up to 12 years) spatial development planning document, which defines the permitted use of the sea and conditions in written as well as graphical form.

The MSP has been established in accordance with the Spatial Development Planning Law (in force since 1st December, 2011). The law defines that the MSP shall lay down the use of the sea, considering a terrestrial part that is functionally interlinked with the sea and coordinating the interests of different sectors and local governments in the use of the sea. The MSP has also been elaborated according to Regulation No. 740 of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Procedures for the Development, Implementation and Monitoring of the Maritime Spatial Plan (in force since 30th October, 2012).

 

The MSP includes four parts:

1. The explanatory note provides an overview on the existing use of the sea and assessment of trends as well as characterizing the marine waters and environmental condition, the nature values of marine ecosystems, landscapes and cultural heritage.
2. The strategic part includes the long-term vision, strategic goals and tasks, as well as guidelines and principles for the development of the sea space.
3. The justification and description of the permitted uses of the sea define the main categories and types of sea use, as well as providing the conditions under which these uses are possible.
4. The graphical part of the MSP includes the following maps: the existing situation on a scale of 1:200 000, illustrations of alternative sea use scenarios, a map of the permitted uses of the sea on a scale of 1:200 000, as well as different thematic and schematic maps using relevant scales.
 

More information about The Maritime Spatial Plan and related documents you can find here.


Experience Exchange Event

19.10.2015.

From October 6-7, 2015, within European Economic Area Financial Mechanism 2009-2014 programme „National Climate Policy” experience exchange event “Providing Sea and coastal connection, climate change risks and adaption strategy determination” was organized in Oslo, Norway. Event was organized by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia (MEPRD) in cooperation with Norwegian Environment Agency. Environment Agency.

At the beginning of 2015 MEPRD started work on development of spatial plan for Latvia’s territorial waters and exclusive economical zone. Spatial planning was done within the project: „Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, and Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation”. Spatial plan is the first of its kind planning document in Latvia. In order to ensure quality of the plan it is utterly important to obtain knowledge and experience from other countries.

Aim of the Experience Exchange event was knowledge transfer from Norwegian Environment Agency to Latvian experts, exchanging knowledge on sea spatial planning and implimentation mechanisms of spatial plans. Eight experts from Latvia participated in the event, representing MEPRD, Baltic Envornmetal Forum, Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, and seven Norwegian experts from Environment Agency and Norwegian Climate and Environmet Ministry.

Experts exchanged knowledge and experience on development and implementation of integrated sea management plan in Norway, inter-institution cooperation between ministries and agencies, legal framework and providing sea-coast inter-linkage. Norwegian experts were introduced to Latvian sea spatial planning system, its development and implementation stages, related legislation, Sea spatial plan development process, coast spatial development scenarios and ecosystem approach in developing these plans.

Event was financed from EEA Grants Fund for Bilateral Relations.

The presentations of experience exchange event are available here.


Project Steering Committee 2nd meeting

30.03.2015.

On 18 February 2015 in Tonsberg (Norway) was held the 2nd meeting of Project Steering Committee where Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development as a Project promoter together with the Project partners – Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection, State Ltd. “Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre” and Ministry of Agriculture discussed the Project implementation progress. The meeting topics was related to issues for further progress in the implementation of Project activities and potential Norwegian partners involvement and contribution as well the planned publicity events and experience exchange seminars in 2015.

 


Project Opening Conference

30.03.2015.

To introduce with The European Economic Area Financial Mechanism 2009-2014 Programme “National Climate Policy” project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, IncludingIdentification of Scientific Data, Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation” aim, activities and planned results on 26 November, 2014, was held Opening conference.

The Conference was discussed within the framework of the current Latvian climate policy issues, future climate policy development and its development capabilities, as well as on the project have already done and further planned.

The event was attended by local and foreign project partners, representatives from state institutions, scientific and educational institutions, NGOs and media, whose work is directly or indirectly related to climate change and adaptation.
 
The Conference was organized by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development and funded by the program “National Climate Policy" project “Development of Proposal for National Adaptation Strategy, Including Identification of Scientific Data, Measures for Adapting to Changing Climate, Impact and Cost Evaluation”.


The first meeting of Project Steering Committee took place on 28 July 2014. Representatives from Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development and Project partners met to discuss questions about activity implementation progress, publicity measures and further cooperation.




The Project is implemented by Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in cooperation with Project partners – Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection, State LTD „Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology”, Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology and Ministry of Agriculture.

The budget of the Project is 1 209 305 EUR.

The Project is implemented from 1 April 2014 until 30 April 2016.

The objective of the Project is to prepare a proposal for National Adaptation Strategy.

The main target groups of the project are ministries and other state institutions, scientific foundations, educational institutions, local governments. The target group is largely associated with MEPRD-made adaptation working group members representing a wide range of public institutions, as well as other social partners.

Project outcomes:

  • Developed climate change and impact scenario for 2050 – 2100;
  • Developed 13 reports on indicators, risks and adaptation measures.

Main Project activities and sub-activities:

1. Development of climate change and impact scenario for 2050 – 2100 and the current and potential scientific data definition for the adaptation monitoring system:

1.1. Climate change and impact scenario until year 2100;
1.2. Development of adaptation monitoring system indicator database.

2. Integrated climate change mitigation and adaptation action research and the impact studies and the necessary adaptation measures is the most sensitive sectors:

2.1. Flood risk maps for the Gauja, Lielupe and Venta river basins;
2.2. Research  for maritime spatial planning;
2.3. Thematic reports on risk and vulnerability assessment and adaptation measures in the following fields:

       2.3.1. Building and infrastructure planning;
       2.3.2. Agriculture and forestry;
       2.3.3. Civil protection and emergency planning;
       2.3.4. Landscape planning and tourism;
       2.3.5. Biodiversity and ecosystem services;
       2.3.6. Health and wellbeing.

2.4.Policy proposal for National Adaptation Strategy;
2.5.National climate change and adaptation web-platform.

3 conferences and 5 seminars will be organized within the Project.

Information about European Economic Area grants in Latvia: www.eeagrants.lv

 

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Working hours
Mon: 8.30:18.00
Tue - Thu: 8.30:17.00
Fri: 8.30:16.00
MoEPRD address
Peldu Str. 25, Rīga LV-1494, Latvia
Phone:+371 66016740
Fax:+371 67820442
E-mail: pasts@varam.gov.lv
     
Last updated
20.09.2019
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