In progress


Project #R098 Land-Sea-Act
Land-sea interactions advancing Blue Growth in Baltic Sea coastal areas

The project Land-Sea-Act aims to bring together stakeholders involved in coastal management and planning, to find solutions to Maritime Spatial Planning and Blue Growth challenges around the Baltic Sea and to elaborate Multi-level Governance Agenda on Blue Growth and Spatial Planning in Baltic Sea Region. The project will guide national, regional and local authorities, as well as stakeholders of various sectors to:

  • improve transnational cooperation and facilitate knowledge exchange to foster Blue Growth;
  • raise awareness, knowledge and skills to enhance Blue Growth initiatives and integrated development in coastal areas;
  • balance development of new sea uses with coastal community interests by improving coastal governance.

Project implementation duration: January 2019 – December 2021
Project budget: 2.21 million EUR, including ERDF co-financing 1.76 million EUR

The project is financed by Interreg Baltic Sea Region Programme

Main results:

Land Sea Act project partners worked in six geographical case studies with specific issues - results can be found in six case reports and additional materials:

"Balancing coastal tourism and use of off-shore wind energy in Southwestern Kurzeme" (Latvia)

Visit map explorer

Read in Latvian “Guidelines for coastal planners 2021”

“Integrating cultural values in Marine Spatial Planning and the Blue Growth” (Gulf of Gdansk, Poland)

Read Guidebook in English “Tourist attractions of the municipalities of Gdansk Bay 2020”

"Coastal conflicts, climate impacts and adaptation" (Fehmarn, Germany)

Read brochure in German “Relaxed & Sustainable Holiday in Fehmarn”

"Integrated coastal tourism and mobility planning" (Northern coast, Estonia)

"Draft for a Regional Maritime Strategy for the Gothenburg Region (Orust and Uddevalla)" (Sweden)

Read about mapping and analysis of maritime businesses’ need for land and water areas in the Gothenburg region

"Harbour business development" (Holbæk, Denmark)

Visit Land-Sea Art catalogue and tool

Furthermore, suggestions on how to address (study, plan, govern and manage) land-sea interactions are assembled into several documents which are based on experience gained in the case studies and findings made within the extensive collaboration with experts and stakeholders:

Main activities:

Work package 1 - Project management

Work Package 2 - Spatial planning solutions for addressing development trade-offs in coastal areas
2.1. Content coordination on spatial planning solutions
2.2. Trade-offs and balanced use of land-sea resources (Latvian case study)
2.3. Cultural values in MSP& Blue Growth (Polish case study)                                                     
2.4. Climate change adaptation and sustainable tourism (German case study)
2.5. Integrated coastal mobility and tourism planning (Estonian case study)
2.6. Transnational training on land-sea interactions in spatial planning

Work Package 3 - Embedded entrepreneurship for vital coastal areas and BG
3.1. Joint WP3 coordinating meetings
3.2. Tourism entrepreneurship development in small ports (Danish case study)
3.3. Elaboration of Gothenburg regional maritime strategy (Swedish case study)
3.4. Blue Growth Checks
3.5. Action Plan “Entrepreneurship and Blue Growth” 

Work Package 4 - Input to the Multi-level Governance Agenda on Blue Growth and Spatial Planning in BSR
4.1. International expert panel
4.2. Comparative study on demonstration cases
4.3. Drafting Multi-level Governance Agenda on Blue Growth and Spatial Planning in Baltic Sea Region
4.4. "Blue Growth Workshop" in Brussels
4.5. High level final conference in Riga


Lead partner:

  • Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development, Latvia

Partner organisations:

  • County Administrative Board of Västra Götaland, Sweden
  • Environmental Department of Fehmarn Municipality, Germany
  • Holbæk Municipality, Denmark
  • Göteborg Region Association of Local Authorities, Sweden
  • Tallinn University, Estonia
  • Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences (IOPAN), Poland
  • Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI), Germany
  • Baltic Environmental Forum Latvia, Latvia
  • Baltic Environmental Forum Germany, Germany
  • Association of the Coastal Towns and Municipalities, Poland

Associated organisations:

  • Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments, Latvia
  • Estonian coastal local government - Haljala municipality, Estonia

Contact information of Lead partner:

Project coordination:
Mārtiņš Grels
Phone (+371) 66016 733

Margarita Vološina
Phone (+371) 66016 712

Social media: #LandSeaAct
Project website –